Who Built Stonehenge and Why?

Who Built Stonehenge

Many archaeologists believe that Stonehenge was built between 3000 BCE to 2000 BCE, though it’s still under research. The surrounding earthen bank and pit are believed to be built around 3100 BCE and comprise the earliest constructional phase through which the monument went through. Radiocarbon testing proves that the very first stones were erected between 2400 BCE and 2200 BCE, although they might have been present at the constructional site since 3000 BCE.

Stonehenge is the medieval wonder belonging to the era of prehistory, in Wiltshire County, England, 2 miles to the west of the city of Amesbury and 8 miles to the north of the town of Salisbury. It is solely a stone structure where each of the structure is around four meters high and two meters wide. Each of them weighs around 25 metric tons. The stones have been erected within some dense earthen works in the Centre of an intricate and dense complexity of Neolithic and Bronze period wonders in England.

Druids, Architect of Stonehenge

The constructional status of the Stonehenge is still being shrouded in mystery though one of the most famous beliefs is that the Stonehenge was constructed by Druids. These priests of Celtics probably erected it for sacrifices as testified by the human bones.

The Stonehenge might have been used as a burial ground since its inception. Deposits containing traces human bone and human DNA date from the time earlier than 3000 BCE, when the pit and bank were initially unearthed, and the process should have continued for another half a century or so.

How was stonehenge built

The Stonehenge evolved in several constructional phases spanning at least a millennium and a half. Archaeological excavation has revealed that the site has undergone a large-scale architectural makeover since 3100 BCE.

Layout of Stonehenge

The dating procedures of the various phases of activity has been complicated by the disturbance of the natural chalk’s decay rate (CaCo3) by periglacial effects which were very active since the last ice age which probably occurred around 10,000 to 13,500 years from now along with animal activity and worst quality of the historic excavation records. The construction of the structure commenced around 3100 BCE when a 6 feet wide ditch was dug. This ditch was used for burial purposes. In 2700 BCE Stonehenge was constructed by digging the soil using deer antlers. Between 2700 BCE and 2500 BCE, wooden post was erected which later on were replaced by stone and thus the Stonehenge came into being.

Importance of Stonehenge:

It is the most famous medieval site of UK. Stonehenge is considered as an English cultural symbol and is also one of the wonders of the medieval world although it is old enough to be classified as an ancient wonder. Since 1882, it has been under legal protection by the legislation of rare historical monuments and is recognized by the crown of England. The Stonehenge was inducted to United Nations educational scientific and cultural organization’s list in the year 1986.


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